THE TOP 10 AMAZING TEMPLES IN THE WORLD
10. Jetavanaramaya, Sri Lanka
This stupa is located in the sacred city of Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka. This stupa is of great importance in the country as it represents the Buddhist monks of Theravada and Mahayana, the oldest branch of Buddhism still alive.
Jetavanaramaya was the third tallest building in the ancient world, with a height of 400 feet. This stupa was built in the 4th century by King Mahasena, 93 million baked bricks were used for its construction. The entire complex covers an area of 5.6 hectares and contains 10,000 Buddhist monks.
9. Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, India
This temple is one of the most important vishnu temples in the world, located in Tamilnadu, India. This temple is actually dedicated to a form of Lord Vishnu. It is the largest temple in the country, built on an area of 156 acres.
The Dravidian architectural style was used for its construction. There are 21 different towers in the temple, the main gopura, or the tower is made entirely of gold. One of the towers of the temple has a height of 236 feet, painted in different colors.
8. Temple of Heaven, China
The Temple of Heaven in China was actually built to honor the sky, located in the city of Beijing. This large ancient temple complex covering an area of 2.7 million square meters, is one of the largest ancient temples in China. The temple has a circular wall to represent the sky and a rectangular wall to represent the Earth.
This conception of the temple shows that the sky is much higher than that of the Earth. This temple complex was built between 1406 and 1420 by the Ming Dynasty. It is also registered on UNESCO World Heritage Sites
7. Shwedagon Pagoda, Myanmar
The Shwedagon Pagoda is one of the most popular temples in Asia as it contains eight pieces of Buddha’s hair, located in Yangon, Myanmar. The temple was built 2600 years ago, during the time of Buddha. Bhalika and Taphussa, the builders of this temple, had the chance to meet Lord Buddha in 588 BC, shortly after he received enlightenment.
Buddha gave them his eight hairs, they brought them back to Yangon, and built the first part of the Shwedagon pagoda. The temple was covered with many gold plates and the upper parts are decorated with thousands of diamonds. It also contains many stupas and statues that reflect the architectural style of the Buddha’s time.
6. Prambanan, Indonesia
The Hindu structure of Prambanan includes three main buildings dedicated to Trimurtis, to the gods of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. The temple of Shiva is the highest of them and is located in the center. Each of these temples has a number of rooms and the main room contains the statue of the respective god.
It was built in the 10th century and used typically Hindu architecture for construction. There are 240 temples in the Prambanan complex, 3 Trimurti temples, 3 Vahana temples, 2 Apit temples, 2 Keller temples, 4 Patok temples, and 224 Pervara temples.
5. Tigers Nest Monastery, Bhutan
The Tiger Nesting Monastery is one of Bhutan’s holiest sites, located in the high cliffs of the Paro valleys. This is the exact place where Guru Padmasambhava, the second Buddha, has long meditated. This wise guru is one of those who introduced Buddhism to Tibet.
This cultural icon of Tibet was built in 1692, at an altitude of 3000 meters. Visitors must go trekking hours to reach this place. There is also a festival known as Tsechu which is held in the Paro Valley to honor the second Buddha.
4. Borobudur, Indonesia
Borobudur is one of the largest Buddhist monuments in the world, located in Central Java in Indonesia. The temple has a structure resembling a lotus flower, surrounded by an ancient lake, to represent the birth of Lord Buddha. It was established in the 8th century using 2 million volcanic stones.
This temple was left for thousands of years by the eruption of the Merapi volcano and rediscovered in 1814. Hundreds of Buddha statues have also been discovered from here. There are also 100 fish-shaped gutters called “maraka”, one of Borobudur’s most beautiful attractions.
3. Golden Temple, India
It is considered the holiest place of worship for Sikhs, located in Punjab, India. This temple was mainly made of marble and covered with pure gold. The most sacred text of the Sikh religion, the Guru Granth Sahib, was also preserved inside the golden temple.
It was constructed in 1604 by Guru Ram Das Ji, the fourth Sikh guru. The Golden Temple has entrances on all four sides, it represents people from all parts of the world welcomed here. Every day, more than 35,000 people feed for free in the Golden Temple.
What could be better than going on holiday to a pious place, where one can witness the culture of a traditionally equipped country and listen to divine prayers? If you intend to go to India, you cannot leave without visiting the magnificent Golden Temple.
2. Angkor Vat, Cambodia
Angkor wat is the most extended religious building in the world and It is the most popular religious site located in Angkor, Cambodia. It covers an area of 401 acres and the complex is 700 feet high. It was built in the 12th century by Emperor Suryavarman II as a temple given to Lord Vishnu.
Over the following centuries, the temple suffered many destructions and was restored by the Khmer Empire, which earned it Buddhist temple status. The top of the temples was beautifully designed through Khmer architecture. Unlike other temples, Angkor Vat is westward-facing and also has countless sculptural decorations.
1. Wat Rong Khun, Thailand
Wat Rong Khun, Thailand: t also identified as the White Temple located in Chiang Rai, Thailand. The white appearance of this temple represents the purity of Lord Buddha. The shimmering glass motif inside the temple symbolizes the infinite wisdom of the Buddha.
Buddhist and Hindu architecture was used for the construction of this temple The,inner part of the temple is decorated with Buddha paintings,and motifs are also added by the artist, but their realization still takes many years.